Location: Home > Papers
First Author: LONG Xi-En

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is an important greenhouse gas, whose production from landfill sites has not been given adequate attention yet. Municipal solid waste disposal site could be a potential contributor to N2O emissions. Here, we conducted a transect study to determine N2O flux and the abundance and activity of nitrifiers and denitrifiers across three different landfill sites (Ninghai: NH, Xiangshan: XS, and Fenghua: FH). Microbial abundance and community structure were determined using quantitative polymerase chain reaction, terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP), and clone library. The highest mean N2O flux (3.44 mg m−2 h−1) and global warming potential (1025.12 eq-CO2 m−2 h−1) were detected at the XS and NH sites, respectively. Soil nutrients (dissolved organic C, dissolved organic N, and total organic C), C:N ratio, and the abundance and activity of nitrifiers and denitrifiers determined the flux of N2O across the three landfill cover soils. Nitrification and denitrification made comparable contribution to N2O production in the soils. Nitrososphaera-associated archaeal amoA gene accounted for 99% of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) sequences at the XS site, whereas soil/sediment cluster I of AOA dominated (>50%) at the NH and FH sites. The predominant ammonia-oxidizing bacteria sequences (>75%) of the FH site were affiliated with the Nitrosomonas lineage and more than half the sequences belonged to cluster 3b at the XS and NH sites. The nirK sequences affiliated with Alpha-proteobacteria (Phyllobacteriaceae, Rhizobiaceae and Bradyrhizobiaceae) (>78%) and nirS sequences affiliated with Beta-proteobacteria (>45%) governed the denitrifiers in the soils. Heavy metals (Cu and Cr), C:N ratio, and C sources (total C and dissolved organic C) determined the distribution of the nitrifier and denitrifier communities. In conclusion, the condition of the landfill sites contributed significantly to the N2O emissions, and AOA and nirK-type denitrifiers dominated the leachate-affected cover soils.

Contact the author: YAO Huaiying
Page Number: 288-297
Impact Factor:
Authors units:
PubYear: JAN 1 2018
Volume: 170
The full text link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.09.173