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First Author: Abass, Olusegun K.
Abstract:

This work examines the characteristics of fracking wastewater from an emerging shale play in Central China, and the catalytic activity of nano-sized zerovalent iron (n-ZVI) particles to degrade major organic components of fracking wastewater (FW), and to simultaneously recover/remove metals and potential toxic elements. Addition of optimized concentration of n-ZVI (2 g/L) to the raw FW led to COD reductions of 30% at pH 4, and 54% at pH 3 (with addition of H2O2) respectively within 120 min reaction time. Activity of n-ZVI catalyst on degradation kinetics of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) was over 6 times faster in acidic condition (Krc = 0.0029 min−1), than at natural pH of the raw FW (Krc = 0.00046 min−1). Meanwhile, oxidant-assisted degradation of the FW TPH reached higher degradation amounts (C/C0 = 0.191) at half the time required for treatment without oxidant addition (C/C0 = 0.218), and thus, implies a reduce treatment cost at shorter reaction time. Moreover, n-ZVI initiated oxidation led to rapid degradation of the FW polyethylene glycols (93.7% PEGs removal), as verified by liquid chromatography/tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS), and possible degradation pathway of PEGs by n-ZVI was deduced. Similarly, n-ZVI recover metals and remove potential halocarbon-forming elements like chlorine as confirmed by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis. Furthermore, the n-ZVI catalyst essentially increased biodegradability index of the FW at lower pH, and in the presence of oxidants. Therefore, pre-treatment of FW with n-ZVI represents a potential and cost-effective treatment option for the reuse of fracking wastewaters.

Contact the author: ZHANG Kaisong
Page Number: 159-171
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PubYear: 2017
Volume: 328
Publication Name: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
The full text link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.07.030
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