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Magnetostratigraphic study of the potash-bearing strata from drilling core ZK2893 in the Sakhon Nakhon Basin, eastern Khorat Plateau
Author: Zhang, D. W., M. D. Yan, X. M. Fang, Y. B. Yang, T. Zhang, J. B. Zan, W. L. Zhang, C. L. Liu and Q. Yang
Abstract: The Khorat Plateau holds one of the world's largest potash deposits. Although many attempts have been made, the age of the potash-bearing strata remains poorly determined. Here, we report a high resolution magnetos-tratigraphic study of a 595.4 m-deep potash bearing borehole (ZK2893) in the southeast Sakhon Nakhon Basin in central Laos. This borehole penetrated the whole potash-bearing Nong Boua Formation and reached the underlying sandstone beds of the Nam Noy Formation. A total of 500 (383 level) cubic paleomagnetic samples were collected. k-T curves and hysteresis loops revealed that hematite and magnetite were the main magnetic carriers and were likely of detrital origin, as indicated by microscopic and Electron Microprobe Analysis (EMPA) examinations. Progressive thermal and alternating field (AF) demagnetization isolated 229 valid characteristic remnant magnetizations (ChRMs), which showed a normal and antipodal distribution of the inclination data. Both the microscopic and EMPA examinations and inclination-only analysis suggest primary magnetizations of the ChRMs, yielding nine normal and seven reversed polarity zones. Combined with regional palynological, isotopic and sedimentologic evidence, the obtained polarity zones were best correlated to the geomagnetic polarity time scale of Gradstein et al. (2012) (GPTS2012), yielding magnetostratigraphic ages of > 63.5 Ma to similar to 92 Ma for the potash-bearing Nong Boua Formation and 85 Ma for the potash bed in its lower salt unit.
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Page number: 40-51
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PubYear: 2018
Volume: 489
Publication name: Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology
Abstract: The Khorat Plateau holds one of the world's largest potash deposits. Although many attempts have been made, the age of the potash-bearing strata remains poorly determined. Here, we report a high resolution magnetos-tratigraphic study of a 595.4 m-deep potash bearing borehole (ZK2893) in the southeast Sakhon Nakhon Basin in central Laos. This borehole penetrated the whole potash-bearing Nong Boua Formation and reached the underlying sandstone beds of the Nam Noy Formation. A total of 500 (383 level) cubic paleomagnetic samples were collected. k-T curves and hysteresis loops revealed that hematite and magnetite were the main magnetic carriers and were likely of detrital origin, as indicated by microscopic and Electron Microprobe Analysis (EMPA) examinations. Progressive thermal and alternating field (AF) demagnetization isolated 229 valid characteristic remnant magnetizations (ChRMs), which showed a normal and antipodal distribution of the inclination data. Both the microscopic and EMPA examinations and inclination-only analysis suggest primary magnetizations of the ChRMs, yielding nine normal and seven reversed polarity zones. Combined with regional palynological, isotopic and sedimentologic evidence, the obtained polarity zones were best correlated to the geomagnetic polarity time scale of Gradstein et al. (2012) (GPTS2012), yielding magnetostratigraphic ages of > 63.5 Ma to similar to 92 Ma for the potash-bearing Nong Boua Formation and 85 Ma for the potash bed in its lower salt unit.
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