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L. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, D. Yang, Q. Xu, F. L. Cai and D. L. Liu
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Abstract: Leucogranites play a significant role in understanding crustal thickening, melting within continental collisional belts, and plateau uplift. Field investigations show that Miocene igneous rocks from the Hoh Xil Lake area mainly consist of two-mica leucogranites and rhyolites. We studied the Bukadaban two-mica leucogranites and the Kekao Lake, Malanshan and Hudongliang rhyolites by zircon U-Pb, muscovite and sanidine Ar-40/Ar-39 geochronology, and whole-rock geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic analysis. Results yielded crystallization and cooling ages for the Bukadaban leucogranites of 9.7 +/- 0.2 and 6.88 +/- 0.19 Ma, respectively. Extrusive ages of the Kekao Lake and Malanshan rhyolites are 14.5 +/- 0.8 and 9.37 +/- 0.30 Ma, respectively. All rocks are enriched in SiO2 (70.99%-73.59%), Al2O3 (14.39%-15.25%) and K2O (3.78%-5.50%) but depleted in Fe2O3 (0.58%-1.56%), MgO (0.11%-0.44%) and CaO (0.59%-1.19%). The rocks are strongly peraluminous (A/CNK=1.11-1.21) S-type granites characterized by negative Eu anomalies (delta Eu=0.18-0.39). In also considering their Sr-Nd isotopic compositions (Sr-87/(86)Sri=0.7124 to 0.7143; epsilon Nd (9 Ma)=-5.5 to -7.1), we propose that these igneous rocks were generated through dehydration melting of muscovite in the thickened middle or lower crust of northern Tibet. Melting was probably triggered by localized E-W stretching decompression in the horse tails of Kunlun sinistral strike-slip faults. Reactivation of the Kunlun strike-slip faults, accompanied by emplacement of leucogranite and eruption of rhyolite in the Hoh Xil Lake area, indicates that large-scale crustal shortening and thickening in northern Tibet mainly occurred before 15 Ma. In addition, these findings suggest that the northern Tibetan Plateau attained its present elevation (similar to 5000 m) at least 15 Ma ago.
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Page number: 511-524
Issue: 5
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PubYear: 2012
Volume: 57
Publication name: Chinese Science Bulletin
Abstract: Leucogranites play a significant role in understanding crustal thickening, melting within continental collisional belts, and plateau uplift. Field investigations show that Miocene igneous rocks from the Hoh Xil Lake area mainly consist of two-mica leucogranites and rhyolites. We studied the Bukadaban two-mica leucogranites and the Kekao Lake, Malanshan and Hudongliang rhyolites by zircon U-Pb, muscovite and sanidine Ar-40/Ar-39 geochronology, and whole-rock geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic analysis. Results yielded crystallization and cooling ages for the Bukadaban leucogranites of 9.7 +/- 0.2 and 6.88 +/- 0.19 Ma, respectively. Extrusive ages of the Kekao Lake and Malanshan rhyolites are 14.5 +/- 0.8 and 9.37 +/- 0.30 Ma, respectively. All rocks are enriched in SiO2 (70.99%-73.59%), Al2O3 (14.39%-15.25%) and K2O (3.78%-5.50%) but depleted in Fe2O3 (0.58%-1.56%), MgO (0.11%-0.44%) and CaO (0.59%-1.19%). The rocks are strongly peraluminous (A/CNK=1.11-1.21) S-type granites characterized by negative Eu anomalies (delta Eu=0.18-0.39). In also considering their Sr-Nd isotopic compositions (Sr-87/(86)Sri=0.7124 to 0.7143; epsilon Nd (9 Ma)=-5.5 to -7.1), we propose that these igneous rocks were generated through dehydration melting of muscovite in the thickened middle or lower crust of northern Tibet. Melting was probably triggered by localized E-W stretching decompression in the horse tails of Kunlun sinistral strike-slip faults. Reactivation of the Kunlun strike-slip faults, accompanied by emplacement of leucogranite and eruption of rhyolite in the Hoh Xil Lake area, indicates that large-scale crustal shortening and thickening in northern Tibet mainly occurred before 15 Ma. In addition, these findings suggest that the northern Tibetan Plateau attained its present elevation (similar to 5000 m) at least 15 Ma ago.
The full text link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hyp.7932