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  Faculty and Staff
SHEN Renfang
Director General of Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Director of State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture
Academic title:
Professor (natural science)
Postal Code:
Subject categories:
Plant nutrition
Mailing Address:
No.71 East Beijing Road, Nanjing, China

Education: December 1993, Ph.D in Soil Science, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ISSCAS), Nanjing; July 1989, M.S in Soil Science, ISSCAS, Nanjing; July 1986, B.S in Soil science and agrochemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou. Professional Experiences: Feb.2002 – date (Professor) State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, ISSCAS; Feb.2000 – Jan. 2002 (JSPS Fellow) Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University, Japan; Feb.1998 – Jan.2000 (STA Fellow) Laboratory of Soil Biochemistry, National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, Tsukubu, Japan; Feb.1995 – Jan.1998 (Assistant/Associate Professor) Laboratory of Material Cycling in Pedosphere, ISSCAS; Jan.1994 – Jan.1995 (Rothamsted International Fellow) Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, United Kingdom. Achievements have been made on physiological resistance mechanism to stresses in plants and efficient nutrient-uptake and utilization in crops, including the enrichment and innovation on theories of Al resistance mechanisms, the comprehensive study on effects of nutrient elements N, P on Al toxicity to plants and the new information on plant adaption to acid soils. A professional book on the behavior of Al in soil-plant and adaption mechanisms of plants was published by Ren Fang Shen as an editor in chief. Untill June 2009, more than 60 peer-review papers were published, including 26 SCI papers, cited by SCI journals 185 times, thereinto, 118 times of non-self-citation.
Al resistance mechanism and mechanisms of plant adaption to acid soils; efficient nutrient-uptake and utilization in crops

  Winner of One Hundred Talents, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2002, 

  Honorary title of young academic leader in "333 Advanced Talents Training" program of Jiangsu Province in 2007,  

  Winner of the Distinguished Young Scientist Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation in 2011,  

  Winner of the 4th Jiangsu Province “333 Advanced Talent Engineering” in 2013.   



  1. Shen RF Ed. 2008. The behavior of Al in soil-plant system and adaption mechanisms of plants. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)

  2. Zhou JM, RF Shen Ed. 2013. The Dictionary of Soil Science. Science Press,Beijing. (in Chinese)

  Representative papers:

  1.Wang, W; Zhao, XQ; Hu, ZM; Shao, JF; Che, J; Chen, RF; Dong, XY; Shen, RF*. 2015. Aluminium alleviates manganese toxicity to rice by decreasing root symplastic Mn uptake and reducing availability to shoots of Mn stored in roots. Annals of Botany, 116(2): 237-246 DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcv090

  2.Liang, LZ; Qj, HJ; Xu, P; Zhao, XQ; Dong, XY; Shen, RF*. 2015. High phosphorus at seedling stage decreases the post-transplanting fertiliser requirement of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Scientia Horticulturae, 190: 98-103 DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2015.04.025

  3.Zhu, XF; Wang, ZW; Wan, JX; Sun, Y; Wu, YR; Li, GX; Shen, RF; Zheng, SJ. 2015. Pectin enhances rice (Oryza sativa) root phosphorus remobilization. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66(3): 1017-1024 DOI: 10.1093/jxb/eru461

  4.Xu, QF; Jiang, PK; Wu, JS; Zhou, GM; Shen, RF; Fuhrmann, JJ. 2015. Bamboo invasion of native broadleaf forest modified soil microbial communities and diversity. Biological Invasions, 17(1): 433-444 DOI: 10.1007/s10530-014-0741-y

  5.Xu P, LZ Liang, XY Dong, RF Shen*. 2015. Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on aggregate stability of a clay soil inoculating with two different host plants. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B-Soil and Plant Science, 65(1):23-29

  6.Che J, XQ Zhao, X Zhou, ZJ Jia, RF Shen*. 2015. High pH-enhanced soil nitrification was associated with ammonia-oxidizing bacteria rather than archaea in acidic soils. Applied Soil Ecology, 85: 21-29

  7.Wang H, RF Chen, T Iwashita, RF Shen, JF Ma. 2015. Physiological characterization of aluminum tolerance and accumulation in tartary and wild buckwheat. New Phytologist, 205 (1): 273-279

  8.Xu P, LZ Liang, XY Dong, J Xu, PK Jiang, RF Shen*. 2014. Response of soil phosphorus required for maximum growth of Asparagus officinalis L. to inoculation of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Pedosphere, 24(6): 776-782.

  9.Xia JX, N Yamaji, J Che, RF Shen, JF Ma. 2014. Differential expression of Nrat1 is responsible for Al-tolerance QTL on chromosome 2 in rice. Journal of Experimental Botany, 65(15): 4297-4304

  10.Ma JF, ZC Chen, RF Shen. 2014. Molecular mechanisms of Al tolerance in gramineous plants. Plant and Soil, 38(1-2): 1-12

  11.Xia JX, N Yamaji, J Che, RF Shen, JF Ma*. 2014. Normal root elongation requires arginine produced by argininosuccinate lyase in rice. Plant Journal, 78: 215-226

  12.Zheng L, P Lan*, RF Shen**, WF Li**. 2014. Proteomics of aluminum tolerance in plants. PROTEOMICS, 14: 566-578

  13.Shen RF, XY Dong, JS Wu, FJ Zhao, ZP Li. 2014. The development trends and frontiers of soil science. IN: JZ He, YH Lu, BJ Fu eds., The Frontiers of Soil Biology. Beijing:Science Press. (in Chinese)

  14.Zhao XQ, RF Shen*. 2013. Interactive regulation of nitrogen and aluminum in rice. Plant Signaling & Behavior, 8:e24355.

  15.Liang LZ, XQ Zhao, XY Yi, ZC Chen, XY Dong, RF Chen, RF Shen*. 2013. Excessive application of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers induces soil acidification and phosphorus enrichment during vegetable production in Yangtze River Delta, China. Soil Use and Management. 29(2):161-168.

  16.Wang C, CY Wang, XQ Zhao, RF Chen, P Lan, RF Shen*. 2013. Proteomic analysis of a high-aluminum-tolerant yeast Rodotorula taiwanensis RS1 in response to aluminum stress. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics. 1834: 1969-1975.

  17.Wang C, XQ Zhao, RF Chen, HY Chu, RF Shen*. 2013. Aluminum tolerance of wheat does not induce changes in dominant bacterial community composition or abundance in an acidic soil. Plant and Soil. 367(1-2): 275-284.

  18.Zeng QL, RF Chen, XQ Zhao, RF Shen*, A Noguchi, F Shinmachi, I Hasegawa. 2013. Aluminum could be transported via phloem in Camellia oleifera Abel. Tree Physiology. 33(1):96-105.

  19.Wang CY, RF Shen*, C Wang, W Wang. 2013. Root protein profile changes induced by Al exposure in two rice cultivars differing in Al tolerance. Journal of Proteomics. 78: 281-293.

  20.Wang C, XQ Zhao, T Aizawa, M Sunairi, RF Shen*. 2013. High aluminum tolerance of Rhodotorula sp. RS1 is associated with thickening of the cell wall but not chelation of aluminum ions. Pedosphere. 23(1):29-38.

  21.Zhao XQ, SW Guo, F Shinmachi, M Sunairi, A Noguchi, I Hasegawa, RF Shen*. 2013. Aluminum tolerance in rice is antagonistic with nitrate preference and synergistic with ammonium preference. Annals of Botany. 111(1): 69-77.

  22.Li L, Y Xie, Y Wang, X Yang*, RF Chen, RF Shen**. 2013. Study on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide adsorbed at nano-boehmite/water and nano-corundum/water interfaces. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. 102: 398-404.

  23.Zhao XQ, T Aizawa, J Schneider, C Wang, RF Shen, M Sunairi*. 2013. Complete mitochondrial genome of the aluminum-tolerant fungus Rhodotorula taiwanensis RS1 and comparative analysis of Basidiomycota mitochondrial genomes. MicrobiologyOpen, 2(2):308-317

  24.Tang YZ, X Chen, XJ Yang, RF Shen, XD Yang*, CZ Xu. 2013. The novel carbon nanomaterials electrochemical sensor for determination of trace aluminum in human body fluids with 8-hydroxyquinoline. IEEE Sensors Journal, 13(9): 3270-3275

  25.Tang YZ, C Sun, XJ Yang, XD Yang*, RF Shen*. 2013. Graphene modified glassy carbon electrode for determination of trace aluminium(III) in biological samples. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 8(3): 4194-4205

  26.Zhang XM, XY Dong, RF Shen*. 2013. Improvement of the conventional paraffin-section technique of rice tender root-tips. JiangSu Agriculture Science, 12:71-73. (in Chinese)

  27.Xu J, LZ Liang, XY Dong, RF Shen*. 2013. The biochemical properties of 4 compost-teas and their effects on the growth of tomato seedlings. JiangSu Agriculture Science, 10:289-292. (in Chinese)

  28.Zhang XM, XY Dong, RF Shen*. 2013. Comparative observation of aerenchyma formation during different crop primary root developmental stage by paraffin section and freehand section. Soils, 45(5):946-951. (in Chinese)

  29.Xu L, LZ Liang, XY Dong, RF Shen*. 2013. Effects of high phosphorus stress on growth and absorption and distribution of mineral nutrients in cucumber seedlings. Hubei Agricultural Sciences, 52(1):52-55 (in Chinese)

  30.Wang C, XQ Zhao,RF Shen*. 2013. A Study on High Aluminum-tolerant Characteristic of Rhodotorula sp. RS1. Soils, 45(3):501-505. (in Chinese)

  31.Shen RF, MJ Chen, XB Kong, YT Li, YA Tong, JK Wang, T Li, MX Lu. 2013. Conception and evaluation of quality of arable land and strategies for its management. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 49(6):1210-1217. (in Chinese)

  32.Zhang XM, XY Dong, RF Chen, XQ Zhao, RF Shen*. 2013. Influencing factors in determination of trace ethylene evolution of rice roots by gas chromatography. Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 29(4) :722-726. (in Chinese)

Community service:
Excutive vice president of Soil Science Society of China; Member of Standing committee of Chinese Society of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer; Member of National Technical Committee 404 on Soil Quality of Stnadardization Administration of China; Member of International Scientific Advisory Council of International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC – World Soil Information); Member of Internal Steering Committee of the 7th & 8th International Symposium on Plant-Soil Interactions at Low pH; Editor in chief of Pedosphere
Commitment to research the situation:
2 National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) programs, 1 CAS International Partnership Project and National Key Basic Research Special Funds of China had been completed as a principal investigator. There are 1 NSFC program, 1 Project of Creative Research Groups of NSFC, 1 major NSFC-JST Joint Research Program, 1 National Science and Technology Pillar Program and 1 Knowledge Innovation Program of CAS are currently under investigation.