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Title: The c-Jun N-Terminal Kinase Pathway of a Vector Insect is Activated by Virus Capsid Protein and Promotes Viral Replication
Author: Wei Wang, Wan Zhao, Jing Li, Lan Luo, Le Kang, Feng Cui
Abstract: No evidence has shown whether insect-borne viruses manipulate the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway of vector insects. Using a system comprising the plant virus Rice stripe virus (RSV) and its vector insect, the small brown planthopper, we have studied the response of the vector insect’s JNK pathway to plant virus infection. We found that RSV increased the level of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α and decreased the level of G protein Pathway Suppressor 2 (GPS2) in the insect vector. The virus capsid protein competitively bound GPS2 to release it from inhibiting the JNK activation machinery. We confirmed that JNK activation promoted RSV replication in the vector, whereas JNK inhibition caused a significant reduction in virus production and thus delayed the disease incidence of plants. These findings suggest that inhibition of insect vector JNK may be a useful strategy for controling the transmission of plant viruses.
Corresponding author: Le Kang, Feng Cui
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PubYear: 2017
Volume: 6
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Page: Article No.e26591
Journal: Elife
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URL: https://elifesciences.org/articles/26591
   

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